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rcsSignature class

Radar cross-section pattern

Description

rcsSignature creates a radar cross-section (RCS) signature object. You can use this object to model an angle-dependent and frequency-dependent radar cross-section pattern. The radar cross-section determines the intensity of reflected radar signal power from a target. The object models only non-polarized signals.

Construction

rcssig = rcsSignature creates an rcsSignature object with default property values.

rcssig = rcsSignature(Name,Value) sets object properties using one or more Name,Value pair arguments. Name is a property name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside single quotes (''). You can specify several name-value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN. Any unspecified properties take default values.

Properties

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Sampled radar cross-section (RCS) pattern, specified as a scalar, a Q-by-P real-valued matrix, or a Q-by-P-by-K real-valued array. The pattern is an array of RCS values defined on a grid of elevation angles, azimuth angles, and frequencies. Azimuth and elevation are defined in the body frame of the target.

  • Q is the number of RCS samples in elevation.

  • P is the number of RCS samples in azimuth.

  • K is the number of RCS samples in frequency.

Q, P, and K usually match the length of the vectors defined in the Elevation, Azimuth, and Frequency properties, respectively, with these exceptions:

  • To model an RCS pattern for an elevation cut (constant azimuth), you can specify the RCS pattern as a Q-by-1 vector or a 1-by-Q-by-K matrix. Then, the elevation vector specified in the Elevation property must have length 2.

  • To model an RCS pattern for an azimuth cut (constant elevation), you can specify the RCS pattern as a 1-by-P vector or a 1-by-P-by-K matrix. Then, the azimuth vector specified in the Azimuth property must have length 2.

  • To model an RCS pattern for one frequency, you can specify the RCS pattern as a Q-by-P matrix. Then, the frequency vector specified in the Frequency property must have length 2.

Example: [10,0;0,-5]

Data Types: double

Azimuth angles used to define the angular coordinates of each column of the matrix or array, specified by the Pattern property. Specify the azimuth angles as a length-P vector. P must be greater than two. Angle units are in degrees.

Example: [-45:0.5:45]

Data Types: double

Elevation angles used to define the coordinates of each row of the matrix or array, specified by the Pattern property. Specify the elevation angles as a length-Q vector. Q must be greater than two. Angle units are in degrees.

Example: [-30:0.5:30]

Data Types: double

Frequencies used to define the applicable RCS for each page of the Pattern property. Specify the frequencies as a length-K vector. K must be greater than two. Frequency units are in hertz.

Example: [-30:0.1:30]

Data Types: double

Methods

valueRadar cross-section at specified angle and frequency

Examples

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Specify the radar cross-section (RCS) of a triaxial ellipsoid and plot RCS values along an azimuth cut.

Specify the lengths of the axes of the ellipsoid. Units are in meters.

a = 0.15;
b = 0.20;
c = 0.95;

Create an RCS array. Specify the range of azimuth and elevation angles over which RCS is defined. Then, use an analytical model to compute the radar cross-section of the ellipsoid. Create an image of the RCS.

az = [-180:1:180];
el = [-90:1:90];
rcs = rcs_ellipsoid(a,b,c,az,el);
rcsdb = 10*log10(rcs);
imagesc(az,el,rcsdb)
title('Radar Cross-Section')
xlabel('Azimuth (deg)')
ylabel('Elevation (deg)')
colorbar

Create an rcsSignature object and plot an elevation cut at azimuth.

rcssig = rcsSignature('Pattern',rcsdb,'Azimuth',az,'Elevation',el,'Frequency',[300e6 300e6]);
rcsdb1 = value(rcssig,30,el,300e6);
plot(el,rcsdb1)
grid
title('Elevation Profile of Radar Cross-Section')
xlabel('Elevation (deg)')
ylabel('RCS (dBsm)')

function rcs = rcs_ellipsoid(a,b,c,az,el)
sinaz = sind(az);
cosaz = cosd(az);
sintheta = sind(90 - el);
costheta = cosd(90 - el);
denom = (a^2*(sintheta'.^2)*cosaz.^2 + b^2*(sintheta'.^2)*sinaz.^2 + c^2*(costheta'.^2)*ones(size(cosaz))).^2;
rcs = (pi*a^2*b^2*c^2)./denom;
end

References

[1] Richards, Mark A. Fundamentals of Radar Signal Processing. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2005.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

See Also

Classes

Introduced in R2018b