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Specify Objects as Inputs in the MATLAB Coder App

In the MATLAB® Coder™ app, to specify the type of an input that is a value class object:

  1. Define the value class. For example, define a class myRectangle.

    classdef myRectangle
            function obj = myRectangle(l,w)
                if nargin > 0
                    obj.length = l;
                    obj.width = w;
            function area = calcarea(obj)
                area = obj.length * obj.width;

  2. Define a function that takes an object of the value class as an input. For example:

    function z = getarea(r)
    z = calcarea(r);

  3. In the app, create a project for getarea. On the Define Input Types page, specify the type of the object in one of these ways:

Automatically Define an Object Input Type

  • Write a test file getarea_test that creates an object of the myRectangle class and passes it to getarea. For example:

    rect_obj = myRectangle(4,5);
    rect_area = getarea(rect_obj);

  • In the app, on the Define Input Types page, specify the test file getarea_test.

  • Click Autodefine Input Types.

Provide an Example

If you provide an object of the value class, the app uses the sizes and types of the properties of the example object.

  1. In MATLAB, define an object of the value class myRectangle.

    rect_obj = myRectangle(4,5)

  2. In the app, on the Define Input Types page, click Let me enter input or global types directly.

  3. Click the field to the right of the input parameter r.

  4. Select Define by Example.

  5. Enter rect_obj or select it from the list of workspace variables.

    The app determines the properties and their sizes and types from the example object.

    App window, showing the inferred types and sizes of the length and width properties of the myRectangle object

Alternatively, you can provide the name of the value class, myRectangle, or a coder.ClassType object for that class. To define a coder.ClassType object, use coder.typeof. For example:

  1. In MATLAB, define a coder.ClassType object that has the same properties as rect_obj.

    t = coder.typeof(rect_obj)

  2. In the app, provide t as the example.

To change the size or type of a property, click the field to the right of the property.

Consistency Between the Type Definition and Class Definition File

When you generate code, the properties that you define in the app must be consistent with the properties in the class definition file. If the class definition file has properties that your code does not use, your type definition in the app does not have to include those properties. The code generator removes properties that your code does not use.

Limitations for Using Objects as Entry-Point Function Inputs

Entry-point function inputs that are objects have these limitations:

  • An object that is an entry-point function input must be an object of a value class. Objects of handle classes cannot be entry-point function inputs. Therefore, a value class that contains a handle class cannot be an entry-point function input.

  • An object cannot be a global variable.

  • If an object has duplicate property names, you cannot use it with coder.Constant. Duplicate property names occur in an object of a subclass in these situations:

    • The subclass has a property with the same name as a property of the superclass.

    • The subclass derives from multiple superclasses that use the same name for a property.

    For information about when MATLAB allows duplicate property names, see Subclassing Multiple Classes.

See Also

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