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Scan I2C bus device addresses

Add-On Required: This feature requires the MATLAB Support Package for Raspberry Pi Hardware add-on.



[i2cAddresses] = scanI2CBus(mypi) returns a list of addresses for devices connected to the I2C bus.


[i2cAddresses] = scanI2CBus(mypi,Bus) returns a list of addresses for devices connected to the specified I2C bus.


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You can connect and exchange data with a pair of I2C devices.

Create a connection from the MATLAB® software to the Raspberry Pi® board.

mypi = raspi
mypi = 

  Raspi with Properties:

           DeviceAddress: 'raspberrypi-hysdu8X38o'
                    Port: 18725
               BoardName: 'Raspberry Pi Model B Rev 2'
           AvailableLEDs: {'led0'}
    AvailableDigitalPins: [4 7 8 9 10 11 14 15 17 18 22 23 24 25 27 30 31]
    AvailableSPIChannels: {}
      AvailableI2CBuses:  {'i2c-0'  'i2c-1'}
             I2CBusSpeed: 100000

  Supported peripherals

Redisplay AvailableI2CBuses and I2CBusSpeed.

ans =

  1×2 cell array 

    {'i2c-0'}    {'i2c-1'}

ans =


Show the location of the I2C pins.


The pin map shows that, for this model and revision of the board, the i2c-1 bus is available on the GPIO header pins I2C1_SDA (GPIO 2) and I2C1_SCL (GPIO 3).

After physically connecting your I2C device to the I2C pins, get the addresses of I2C devices attached to the I2C bus, 'i2c-1'.

ans =

  1×2 cell array  

     {'0x55'}    {'0x20'}

Create a connection, i2csensor, from the MATLAB software to the I2C sensor at '0x20'.

i2csensor = i2cdev(mypi,'i2c-1','0x20')
i2csensor = 

I2C with Properties:
     Bus: i2c-1
    I2CAddress: 0x20

Read two uint8 numbers from the sensor.

output1 = read(i2csensor,2)

Read the value of register 14 from the sensor.

output2 = readRegister(i2csensor,14)

Create a connection, i2cdisplay, from the MATLAB software to the I2C LED display at '0x55'.

i2cdisplay = i2cdev(mypi,'i2c-1','0x55')
i2cdisplay = 

I2C with Properties:
     Bus: i2c-1
    I2CAddress: 0x55

Write characters to the display.

write(i2cdisplay,[hex2dec('20') hex2dec('51')])

Write a scalar hexadecimal value, hex2dec('08'), to register 3 on an I2C device.


If you are not using I2C, disable I2C to free additional GPIO pins.


Before using I2C again, enable I2C.


When you enable I2C, you can change the mypi.I2CBusSpeed property.

ans =


Input Arguments

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Connection to the Raspberry Pi hardware board, specified as a raspi object.

The identifier of the I2C bus connected to the hardware, specified as a character vector. This property is set by the bus input argument, and it cannot be changed after object creation.

Example: 'i2c-1'

Data Types: char

Output Arguments

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I2C device addresses, returned as a cell of hex values.