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Map word to encoding index



M = word2ind(enc,words) returns the indices of words in the encoding enc. For words not in the encoding vocabulary, the function returns NaN. The function, by default, is case sensitive.


M = word2ind(enc,words,'IgnoreCase',true) returns indices ignoring case using any of the previous syntaxes. If multiple words in the encoding differ only in case, then the function returns the index corresponding to one of them and does not return any particular index.


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Load the example data. The file sonnetsPreprocessed.txt contains preprocessed versions of Shakespeare's sonnets. The file contains one sonnet per line, with words separated by a space. Extract the text from sonnetsPreprocessed.txt, split the text into documents at newline characters, and then tokenize the documents.

filename = "sonnetsPreprocessed.txt";
str = extractFileText(filename);
textData = split(str,newline);
documents = tokenizedDocument(textData);
ans = 
  10x1 tokenizedDocument:

    70 tokens: fairest creatures desire increase thereby beautys rose might never die riper time decease tender heir might bear memory thou contracted thine own bright eyes feedst thy lights flame selfsubstantial fuel making famine abundance lies thy self thy foe thy sweet self cruel thou art worlds fresh ornament herald gaudy spring thine own bud buriest thy content tender churl makst waste niggarding pity world else glutton eat worlds due grave thee
    71 tokens: forty winters shall besiege thy brow dig deep trenches thy beautys field thy youths proud livery gazed tatterd weed small worth held asked thy beauty lies treasure thy lusty days say thine own deep sunken eyes alleating shame thriftless praise praise deservd thy beautys thou couldst answer fair child mine shall sum count make old excuse proving beauty succession thine new made thou art old thy blood warm thou feelst cold
    65 tokens: look thy glass tell face thou viewest time face form another whose fresh repair thou renewest thou dost beguile world unbless mother fair whose uneard womb disdains tillage thy husbandry fond tomb selflove stop posterity thou art thy mothers glass thee calls back lovely april prime thou windows thine age shalt despite wrinkles thy golden time thou live rememberd die single thine image dies thee
    71 tokens: unthrifty loveliness why dost thou spend upon thy self thy beautys legacy natures bequest gives nothing doth lend frank lends free beauteous niggard why dost thou abuse bounteous largess thee give profitless usurer why dost thou great sum sums yet canst live traffic thy self alone thou thy self thy sweet self dost deceive nature calls thee gone acceptable audit canst thou leave thy unused beauty tombed thee lives th executor
    61 tokens: hours gentle work frame lovely gaze every eye doth dwell play tyrants same unfair fairly doth excel neverresting time leads summer hideous winter confounds sap checked frost lusty leaves quite gone beauty oersnowed bareness every summers distillation left liquid prisoner pent walls glass beautys effect beauty bereft nor nor remembrance flowers distilld though winter meet leese show substance still lives sweet
    68 tokens: let winters ragged hand deface thee thy summer ere thou distilld make sweet vial treasure thou place beautys treasure ere selfkilld forbidden usury happies pay willing loan thats thy self breed another thee ten times happier ten ten times thy self happier thou art ten thine ten times refigurd thee death thou shouldst depart leaving thee living posterity selfwilld thou art fair deaths conquest make worms thine heir
    64 tokens: lo orient gracious light lifts up burning head eye doth homage newappearing sight serving looks sacred majesty climbd steepup heavenly hill resembling strong youth middle age yet mortal looks adore beauty still attending golden pilgrimage highmost pitch weary car like feeble age reeleth day eyes fore duteous converted low tract look another way thou thyself outgoing thy noon unlookd diest unless thou get son
    70 tokens: music hear why hearst thou music sadly sweets sweets war joy delights joy why lovst thou thou receivst gladly else receivst pleasure thine annoy true concord welltuned sounds unions married offend thine ear sweetly chide thee confounds singleness parts thou shouldst bear mark string sweet husband another strikes mutual ordering resembling sire child happy mother pleasing note sing whose speechless song many seeming sings thee thou single wilt prove none
    70 tokens: fear wet widows eye thou consumst thy self single life ah thou issueless shalt hap die world wail thee like makeless wife world thy widow still weep thou form thee hast left behind every private widow well keep childrens eyes husbands shape mind look unthrift world doth spend shifts place still world enjoys beautys waste hath world end kept unused user destroys love toward others bosom sits murdrous shame commits
    69 tokens: shame deny thou bearst love thy self art unprovident grant thou wilt thou art belovd many thou none lovst evident thou art possessd murderous hate gainst thy self thou stickst conspire seeking beauteous roof ruinate repair thy chief desire o change thy thought change mind shall hate fairer lodgd gentle love thy presence gracious kind thyself least kindhearted prove make thee another self love beauty still live thine thee

Create a word encoding.

enc = wordEncoding(documents)
enc = 
  wordEncoding with properties:

      NumWords: 3092
    Vocabulary: ["fairest"    "creatures"    "desire"    "increase"    "thereby"    "beautys"    "rose"    "might"    "never"    "die"    "riper"    "time"    "decease"    "tender"    "heir"    "bear"    "memory"    "thou"    ...    ] (1x3092 string)

Map the words "rose", "love", and "beauty" to encoding indices using the word2ind function.

words = ["rose" "love" "beauty"];
idx = word2ind(enc,words)
idx = 1×3

     7   387    79

Input Arguments

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Input word encoding, specified as a wordEncoding object.

Input words, specified as a string vector, character vector, or cell array of character vectors. If you specify words as a character vector, then the function treats the argument as a single word.

Data Types: string | char | cell

Output Arguments

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Vector of word encoding indices, returned as a vector of positive integers or NaN values.

For words not in the encoding vocabulary, the function returns NaN.

Version History

Introduced in R2018b