Problem 55210. Determine whether one vector is a subset of another

While bumbling through a pair of problems in the Number Theory group, I wrote code to determine whether a vector is a subset of another vector. I thought the function ismember might work, but it does not account for repeated elements in a way necessary to check for a subset.
For example, if a = [1 2 1 3 3] and b = [3 2 1 1 5 4], [lia, locb] = ismember(a,b) returns lia = [1 1 1 1 1] and locb = [3 2 3 1 1]. In other words, the first vector indicates whether each element in a appears in b at least once, and the second vector gives the index of the first occurrence of the element of a in b. The command all(lia) would return true, but a is not a subset of b.
Write a function to determine whether one vector is a subset of another. The function will return two arguments: a logical tf that indicates whether a is a subset of b and a vector locb that gives unique indices into b where the elements of a occur. For repeating elements, the indices should increase, and for elements of a not in b, return zero. For the example of a and b above, tf is false and locb = [3 2 4 1 0].
I could not find either a MATLAB function or Cody problem that addresses this task, but I would not be too surprised if there is an elegant or built-in solution that I missed.

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35.14% Correct | 64.86% Incorrect
Last Solution submitted on Jul 21, 2024

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