Run Parallel Simulations for a Thermal Model of a House Using
This example shows how to use a
object to change block and model parameters and run simulations in parallel with those
The example model
sldemo_househeat is a system that models the thermal
characteristics of a house, its outdoor environment, and a house heating system. This model
calculates heating costs for a generic house.
Set Point block, Thermostat subsystem, Heater subsystem, House subsystem, and Cost Calculator component are the main components. For a detailed explanation of the model, see Thermal Model of a House.
Run Multiple Parallel Simulations with Different Set Points
This model uses a Constant block to specify a temperature set point that must be maintained
indoors. The default value of set point value is 70 degrees Fahrenheit. This example shows you
how to simulate the model in parallel using different values of
Open the example and the model
Define a set of values for
SetPointValues = 65:2:85; spv_length = length(SetPointValues);
Using the defined values, initialize an array of
Simulink.SimulationInput objects. Use these
Simulink.SimulationInput objects to specify the
Set Point values.
In this step, to preallocate the array, the loop index is made to start from the largest
for i = spv_length:-1:1 in(i) = Simulink.SimulationInput('sldemo_househeat'); in(i) = in(i).setBlockParameter('sldemo_househeat/Set Point',... 'Value',num2str(SetPointValues(i))); end
This example produces an array of 10
Simulink.SimulationInput objects, each corresponding to a different value of
Now, run these multiple simulations in parallel using the command
parsim. To monitor and analyze the runs, open the
Manager by setting the
ShowSimulationManager argument to
ShowProgress argument when set to
on shows the progress of the simulations.
out = parsim(in,'ShowSimulationManager','on','ShowProgress','on')
The output is generated as a
object. To see all of the different set point values, open the plot of the Temperatures (Indoor
and Outdoor) and the Heat Cost component. The constant block Avg Outdoor Temp specifies the
average air temperature outdoors. The Daily Temp Variation Sine Wave block generates daily
temperature fluctuations of outdoor temperature. The indoor temperature is derived from the
House subsystem. The temperature outdoor varies sinusoidally, whereas the temperature indoors is
maintained within 5 degrees Fahrenheit of the set point.
In the absence of the Parallel Computing Toolbox™ licenses, the
parsim command behaves like the
sim command. The simulations run in serial.
View the Runs in the Simulation Manager
ShowSimulationManager argument to
enables the Simulation Manager. For more information, see Simulation
You can view the status of all the runs and detailed information about them.
The Simulation Manager enables you to view your results in the Simulation Data Inspector, which in turn allows you to analyze and compare your data. You can view the plot of the Temperatures (Indoor and Outdoor) and the Heat Cost in Simulation Data Inspector. Select the runs for which you want to view the plot and click icon.
You can now see the heat cost for three simulations.
Using the Simulation Manager, you can apply the parameters of any run to your model. Now, suppose that you want to apply the parameters of Run 3 to your model. Select Run 3 and click the icon. Your parameters are applied to the model.