pammod

Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM)

Description

y = pammod(x,M) returns the complex envelope of the modulation of the input message signal, x, using PAM and the alphabet size, M.

example

y = pammod(x,M,initphase) specifies the initial phase of the modulated signal.

example

y = pammod(x,M,initphase,symorder) specifies natural binary-coded or Gray-coded binary vector mapping order for the modulation symbols.

Examples

collapse all

Generate random data symbols and apply pulse amplitude modulation.

Set the modulation order.

M = 8;

Generate random integers and apply PAM modulation having an initial phase of $\pi$/4.

data = randi([0 M-1],100,1);
modData = pammod(data,M,pi/4);

Display the PAM constellation diagram.

scatterplot(modData) Plot PAM symbol mapping for Gray and natural binary encoded data.

Set the modulation order, and then create a data sequence containing a complete set of constellation points.

M = 8;
data = [0:M-1];

Modulate and demodulate Gray and natural binary encoded data.

symgray = pammod(data,M,0,'gray');
mapgray = pamdemod(symgray,M,0,'gray');

symbin = pammod(data,M,0,'bin');
mapbin = pamdemod(symbin,M,0,'bin');

Plot the constellation points using one of the symbol sets. For each constellation point, assign a label indicating the Gray and natural binary values for each symbol.

• For Gray binary symbol mapping, adjacent constellation points differ by a single binary bit and are not numerically sequential.

• For natural binary symbol mapping, adjacent constellation points follow the natural binary encoding and are sequential.

scatterplot(symgray,1,0,'b*');
for k = 1:M
text(real(symgray(k))-0.6,imag(symgray(k))+0.6,...
dec2base(mapgray(k),2,4));
text(real(symgray(k))-0.2,imag(symgray(k))+1.2,...
num2str(mapgray(k)));

text(real(symbin(k))-0.6,imag(symbin(k))-0.6,...
dec2base(mapbin(k),2,4),'Color',[1 0 0]);
text(real(symbin(k))-0.2,imag(symbin(k))-1.2,...
num2str(mapbin(k)),'Color',[1 0 0]);
end
axis([-M M -2 2]) Input Arguments

collapse all

Input signal, specified as a vector or matrix of integers in the range of [0, M – 1].

Example: randi([0 3],100,1)

Data Types: double

Modulation order, specified as a power of two.

Example: 4

Data Types: double

Initial phase of the modulated signal (in radians), specified as a real scalar.

Example: pi/4

Data Types: double

Mapping order for the modulation symbols, specified as 'bin' or 'gray'. This argument specifies how the function assigns binary vectors to corresponding integers.

• If symorder is 'bin', the function uses a natural binary-coded mapping order.

• If symorder is 'gray', the function uses a Gray-coded mapping order.

Data Types: char | string

Output Arguments

collapse all

Complex baseband representation of a PAM-modulated signal, returned as vector or matrix of complex values. The modulated signal has a minimum Euclidean distance of 2. The columns of y represent independent channels.

Data Types: double | single
Complex Number Support: Yes