Import model information from MATLAB tables
creates a new architecture model based on MATLAB® tables that specify components, ports, connections, port interfaces,
requirement links, and parameters. The only required input arguments are
archModel = systemcomposer.importModel(
modelName and the
components table. For empty
table input arguments, enter
table.empty. However, trailing empty tables
are ignored and do not need to be entered. To import a basic architecture model, see Define Basic Architecture. To import
requirementLinks, you need a Requirements Toolbox™ license.
creates a new architecture model based on a structure of MATLAB tables that have prescribed formats to specify model element relationships,
stereotypes, and properties. For more information on the import structure, see Import and Export Architecture Models.
archModel = systemcomposer.importModel(
creates a new architecture model with output arguments
errorLog] = systemcomposer.importModel(___)
with table information,
importLog to display import information, and
errorLog to display import error information. All previous syntax
descriptions are included.
Import and Export Architectures
In System Composer™, an architecture is fully defined by three sets of information:
You can import an architecture into System Composer when this information is defined in or converted into MATLAB® tables.
In this example, the architecture information of a simple unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system is defined in a Microsoft® Excel® spreadsheet and is used to create a System Composer architecture model. It also links elements to the specified system level requirement. You can modify the files in this example to import architectures defined in external tools, when the data includes the required information. The example also shows how to export this architecture information from System Composer architecture model to an Excel spreadsheet.
Architecture Definition Data
You can characterize the architecture as a network of components and import by defining components, ports, connections, interfaces and requirement links in MATLAB tables. The
components table must include name, unique ID, and parent component ID for each component. The spreadsheet can also include other relevant information required to construct the architecture hierarchy for referenced model, and stereotype qualifier names. The
ports table must include port name, direction, component, and port ID information. Port interface information may also be required to assign ports to components. The
connections table includes information to connect ports. At a minimum, this table must include the connection ID, source port ID, and destination port ID.
Reads stereotype names from the
componentstable and loads the profiles
Creates components and attaches ports
Creates connections using the connection map
Sets interfaces on ports
Links elements to specified requirements (requires a Requirements Toolbox™ license)
Saves referenced models
Saves the architecture model
Instantiate adapter class to read from Excel.
modelName = "simpleUAVArchitecture";
ImportModelFromExcel function reads the Excel file and creates the MATLAB tables.
importAdapter = ImportModelFromExcel("SmallUAVModel.xls","Components", ... "Ports","Connections","PortInterfaces","RequirementLinks"); importAdapter.readTableFromExcel();
Import an Architecture
model = systemcomposer.importModel(modelName,importAdapter.Components, ... importAdapter.Ports,importAdapter.Connections,importAdapter.Interfaces, ... importAdapter.RequirementLinks);
Auto-arrange blocks in the generated model.
Export an Architecture
You can export an architecture to MATLAB tables and then convert the tables to an external file.
exportedSet = systemcomposer.exportModel(modelName);
The output of the function is a structure that contains the component table, port table, connection table, the interface table, and the requirement links table. Save this structure to an Excel file.
modelName — Name of model
character vector | string
Name of model, specified as a character vector or string.
components — Model component information
Model component information, specified as a MATLAB table. The component table must include the columns
Behavior (reference components and subsystem components) and to set
ReferenceModelName, see Import Variant Components, Stateflow Behaviors, or Reference Components. To apply
StereotypeNames and set property values to
components, see Apply Stereotypes and Set Property Values on Imported Model.
ports — Model port information
Model port information, specified as a MATLAB table. The ports table must include the columns
Direction column can have values
Physical. The optional column
InterfaceID specifies the interface.
portInterfaces information may also be required to assign
interfaces to ports.
connections — Model connections information
Model connections information, specified as a MATLAB table. The connections table must include the columns
DestPortID. To specify
DestinationElement on an architecture port, see Specify Elements on Architecture Port. Assign a
stereotype using the optional column
StereotypeNames. The optional
Kind column can be specified as the default
Physical for physical connections.
portInterfaces — Model port interfaces information
Model port interfaces information, specified as a MATLAB table. The port interfaces table must include the columns
Maximum. To import interfaces and map ports to interfaces, see
Import Data Interfaces and Map Ports to Interfaces. Add a
description using the option column
Description. Assign a stereotype
using the optional column
requirementLinks — Model requirement links information
Model requirement links information, specified as a MATLAB table. The requirement links table must include the columns
Type. For an example, see Assign Requirement Links on Imported Model. To update
reference requirement links from an imported file and integrate them into the model, see
Update Reference Requirement Links from Imported File. Optional
Revision. A Requirements Toolbox license is required to import the
table to a System Composer™ architecture
parameters — Model parameters information
Model parameters information, specified as a MATLAB table. The parameters table must include the columns
Value. To import an architecture model with parameters
programmatically, see Author Parameters in System Composer Using Parameter Editor. Add value
type information to the parameter with the
Maximum columns. Promote parameters to an architecture in the
hierarchy using the
PromotedTo column. For more information, see
Import Parameters with Parameter Value Types.
importStruct — Model tables
Model tables, specified as a structure containing the tables
parameters and a field
domain. Only the
components table is required.
Possible values for
domain are the default
"System" for architecture models and
for software architecture models. For software architecture models, to import a model
with functions, the
importStruct can have a
functions field that contains function information.
For more information on the import structure, see Import and Export Architecture Models.
archModel — Handle to architecture model
Handle to architecture model, specified as a
idMappingTable — Mapping of custom IDs and internal UUIDs of elements
Mapping of custom IDs and internal UUIDs of elements, returned as a
struct of MATLAB tables.
importLog — Confirmation that elements were imported
cell array of character vectors
Confirmation that elements were imported, returned as a cell array of character vectors.
errorLog — Errors reported during import process
cell array of message objects
Errors reported during import process, returned as a cell array of
message objects. You can obtain the error text by calling the
getString method on each
message object. For
errorLog(1).getString obtains the first error reported as a
A System Composer architecture represents a system of components and how they interface with each other structurally and behaviorally.
Different types of architectures describe different aspects of systems. You can use views to visualize a subset of components in an architecture. You can define parameters on the architecture level using the Parameter Editor.
A System Composer model is the file that contains architectural information, including components, ports, connectors, interfaces, and behaviors.
Perform operations on a model:
A System Composer model is stored as an SLX file.
|Create Architecture Model with Interfaces and Requirement Links|
A component is a nontrivial, nearly independent, and replaceable part of a system that fulfills a clear function in the context of an architecture. A component defines an architectural element, such as a function, a system, hardware, software, or other conceptual entity. A component can also be a subsystem or subfunction.
Represented as a block, a component is a part of an architecture model that can be separated into reusable artifacts. Transfer information between components with:
A port is a node on a component or architecture that represents a point of interaction with its environment. A port permits the flow of information to and from other components or systems.
These are different types of ports:
Connectors are lines that provide connections between ports. Connectors describe how information flows between components or architectures.
A connector allows two components to interact without defining the nature of the interaction. Set an interface on a port to define how the components interact.
Introduced in R2019a