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Addition layer


An addition layer adds inputs from multiple neural network layers element-wise.

Specify the number of inputs to the layer when you create it. The inputs to the layer have the names 'in1','in2',...,'inN', where N is the number of inputs. Use the input names when connecting or disconnecting the layer by using connectLayers or disconnectLayers. All inputs to an addition layer must have the same dimension.




layer = additionLayer(numInputs) creates an addition layer that adds numInputs inputs element-wise. This function also sets the NumInputs property.


layer = additionLayer(numInputs,'Name',name) also sets the Name property.


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Number of inputs to the layer, specified as a positive integer greater than or equal to 2.

The inputs have the names 'in1','in2',...,'inN', where N is NumInputs. For example, if NumInputs is 3, then the inputs have the names 'in1','in2', and 'in3'. Use the input names when connecting or disconnecting the layer using the connectLayers or disconnectLayers functions.

Layer name, specified as a character vector or a string scalar. For Layer array input, the trainnet and dlnetwork functions automatically assign names to layers with the name "".

The AdditionLayer object stores this property as a character vector.

Data Types: char | string

Input names, specified as {'in1','in2',...,'inN'}, where N is the number of inputs of the layer.

Data Types: cell

This property is read-only.

Number of outputs from the layer, returned as 1. This layer has a single output only.

Data Types: double

This property is read-only.

Output names, returned as {'out'}. This layer has a single output only.

Data Types: cell


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Create an empty neural network dlnetwork object and add an addition layer with two inputs and the name 'add'.

net = dlnetwork;
layer = additionLayer(2,'Name','add');
net = addLayers(net,layer);

Add two ReLU layers to the neural network and connect them to the addition layer. The addition layer outputs the sum of the outputs from the ReLU layers.

layer = reluLayer('Name','relu1');
net = addLayers(net,layer);
net = connectLayers(net,'relu1','add/in1');

layer = reluLayer('Name','relu2');
net = addLayers(net,layer);
net = connectLayers(net,'relu2','add/in2');

Visualize the updated network in a plot.



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Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

GPU Code Generation
Generate CUDA® code for NVIDIA® GPUs using GPU Coder™.

Version History

Introduced in R2017b

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